Why Is The Amazon Rainforest So Important?

Amazon Rainforest, seen from the Alto Madre de Dios river in Peru. Photo: © Martin St-Amant/(CC BY-SA 3.0)

In This Article:

  • How Large is the Amazon Rainforest Biome?
  • Why Is The Amazon Rainforest Important?
  • 1. Unique Biodiversity
  • 2. Huge Carbon Sink
  • 3. Creates Its Own Water Cycle
  • How Does Africa Boost Plant Growth In The Amazon Rainforest?
  • The Amazon River
  • How Many Species Live In The Amazon?
  • What Medications Come From The Rainforest?
  • Bioprospecting In The Amazon Basin
  • Who Lives In The Amazon Rainforest?
  • How Does The Amazon Rainforest Affect Global Warming?
  • References

How Large is the Amazon Rainforest Biome?

Why Is The Amazon Rainforest Important?

1. Unique Biodiversity

2. Huge Carbon Sink

3. Creates Its Own Water Cycle

How Does Africa Boost Plant Growth In The Amazon Rainforest?

The Amazon River

Map of the Amazon River drainage basin showing its encroachment into Guyana, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil. Image: © Kmusser/CC BY-SA 3.0

How Many Species Live In The Amazon?

What Medications Come From The Rainforest?

Bioprospecting In The Amazon Basin

Who Lives In The Amazon Rainforest?

How Does The Amazon Rainforest Affect Global Warming?

References

  1. “Amazon Rainforest.” Wikipedia.
  2. “Countries Sharing The Amazon Rainforest.” WorldAtlas.com
  3. The discovery of the Amazonian tree flora with an updated checklist of all known tree taxa. Sci Rep 6, 29549 (2016). Ter Steege, H., Vaessen, R., Cardenas-Lopez, D. et al.
  4. World Wildlife Fund
  5. What animals live on the Amazon — WWF
  6. The relationship between biodiversity and disease transmission risk.” Research and Reports in Biodiversity Studies. Pfaffle M, Littwin N, Petney TN. 25 March 2015. Volume 2015:4 Pages 9–20.
  7. “The Diversity of Life.” Edward O. Wilson. Harvard University Press. 2010.
  8. The value of undiscovered pharmaceuticals in tropical forests.” Robert Mendelsohn, Michael J. Balick. Economic Botany. April 1995, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 223–228.
  9. Amazon forest response to CO2 fertilization dependent on plant phosphorus acquisition.” Fleischer, K., Rammig, A., De Kauwe, M.G. et al. Nat. Geosci. 12, 736–741 (2019).
  10. “What you need to know about the Amazon rainforest fires.” Washington Post. Steven Mufson, Andrew Freedman. August 27, 2019.
  11. Climatic and biotic controls on annual carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems.” H. Tian, J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, J. Helfrich, B. Moore, C. J. Vorosmarty. Global Ecology and Biogeography. December 25, 2001.
  12. Time Magazine. time.com/amazon-rainforest-disappearing.
  13. Amazon Tipping Point.” Thomas E. Lovejoy, Carlos Nobre. Science Advances. 2018 Feb; 4(2): eaat2340. Published online 2018 Feb 21.
  14. “Amazon forest to savannah tipping point could be far closer than thought.” Tom Lovejoy, Carlos Nobre. Mongabay. March 5, 2018.
  15. “Saharan Dust Feeds Amazon’s Plants”. NASA. Rob Garner. February 24, 2015.
  16. The fertilizing role of African dust in the Amazon rainforest: A first multiyear assessment based on data from Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations”. Yu, Hongbin (2015). Geophysical Research Letters.
  17. “Correct placement of the most distant source of the Amazon River in the Mantaro River drainage” (PDF). Area. 46 (1): 27–39. James Contos; Nicholas Tripcevich (March 2014).
  18. “Amazon River in the Atlantic Ocean.” NASA. Oct 13, 2006.
  19. “Plant diversity in tropical forests: a review of mechanisms of species coexistence”. Joseph S. Wright. October 12, 2001. Oecologia. 130 (1): 1–14.
  20. The Fate of the Amazonian Areas of Endemism.” Da Silva; Jose Maria Cardoso; et al. (2005). Conservation Biology. 19 (3): 689–694. []
  21. Rainforest Action Network
  22. “Nature’s pharmacy: The remarkable plants of the Amazon rainforest — and what they may cure.” Jackie Holland. Daily Telegraph. May 19 2019.
  23. “Amazon Rainforest Fires: Effects on Health, Weather.” Kathleen Doheny. WebMD. Aug 28, 2019.
  24. Ecology and bioprospecting”. Austral Ecology. 36 (3): 341–356. Beattie AJ, Hay M, Magnusson B, de Nys R, Smeathers J, Vincent JF (May 2011).
  25. Paleoindian Cave Dwellers in the Amazon: The Peopling of the Americas.” (1996) Science. 272 (5260): 373–384. Roosevelt, A.C. et al;
  26. Tropical Rainforests. Routledge. p. 108. ISBN 978–0–415–06239–8. Chris C. Park (2003).
  27. Climatic and biotic controls on annual carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems.” H. Tian, J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, J. Helfrich, B. Moore, C. J. Vorosmarty. Global Ecology and Biogeography. December 25, 2001.
  28. Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model.” Cox, Betts, Jones, Spall and Totterdell. 2000. Nature, 9 November 2000.
  29. Valuation of an Amazonian forest.” Peters, C.M.; Gentry, A.H.; Mendelsohn, R.O. (1989). Nature. 339 (6227): 656–657.
  30. “Under Brazil’s Far Right Leader, Amazon Protections Slashed and Forests Fall.” Casado, Leticia; Londono, Ernesto. The New York Times. July 28, 2019.

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I work in marketing by day — and pen my thoughts on climate change by night.

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Karina Collins

Karina Collins

I work in marketing by day — and pen my thoughts on climate change by night.

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