What Is Climate Change Adaptation?

Cushioning the Impacts of Global Warming

In This Article:

  • Cushioning the Impacts of Global Warming
  • Adaptation Must Go Hand In Hand With Mitigation
  • Does Climate Adaptation Overlap With Mitigation?
  • How Much Will Climate Change Adaptation Cost?
  • Is Climate Change Adaptation Taken Seriously By Governments?
  • When Are Adaptation Plans Needed?
  • Global Commission On Adaptation
  • Why Is Climate Change Adaptation Important?
  • Why Do We Need To Worry About The Environment?
  • Economic Benefits
  • What Climate Change Adaptation Is Needed?
  • References

Adaptation Must Go Hand In Hand With Mitigation

The forests of Yugansky nature reserve, Khanty-Mansia, Russia. The taiga forests of the far north constitute the world’s largest biome and the largest carbon reservoir on the surface of the planet. As temperatures rise in the Arctic, the management and protection of these forests becomes an essential element in any climate change mitigation (or adaptation) program. See also: 7 Effects of Climate Change on Plants and Trees. Photo: © Tatiana Bulyonkova, Novosibirsk. CC BY 2.0

Does Climate Adaptation Overlap With Mitigation?

How Much Will Climate Change Adaptation Cost?

Is Climate Change Adaptation Taken Seriously By Governments?

When Are Adaptation Plans Needed?

Thames Flood Barrier, London. Adapting to higher tides & storm surges. Photo: © Andy Roberts. CC BY 2.0

Global Commission On Adaptation

Why Is Climate Change Adaptation Important?

Humanitarian Benefits

  • By 2050, climate change may depress growth in agricultural yields by up to 30 percent. The worst-affected will be the 500 million small farms around the world.
  • By 2050, the number of people without sufficient water, for at least 4 weeks a year, will jump from 3.6 billion today to more than 5 billion.
  • By 2050, rising seas and higher storm surges are likely to make hundreds of millions of coastal city dwellers homeless, costing societies more than $1 trillion each year by 2050.
  • By 2030, global warming is likely to drive more than 100 million people in developing countries below the poverty line. (9)

Environmental Benefits

China’s Sponge City Project has begun in Wuhan, the first of 16 cities to be used as test sites in a major government initiative. The “Sponge City” concept is the perfect climate change adaptation plan to lessen the effects of abnormally high rainfall caused by global warming. This concept has been adopted by authorities in China, a country where urban flooding has doubled in recent years. According to Kongjian Yu, the Dean of Peking University’s College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture — instead of funnelling rainwater away, a sponge city retains it for its own use, within its own boundaries. Photo: Andrew Horne/CC BY-SA 3.0

Why Do We Need To Worry About The Environment?

Economic Benefits

What Climate Change Adaptation Is Needed?

Food

Estafeta, an early-ripening species of soybean with enhanced drought resistant attributes, along with resistance to diseases and pest. (Developed by Plant Production Institute, Ukraine.) The development of plants capable of surviving in arid, drought-like conditions will become an essential part of climate change adaptation strategies. Photo: © Institute of Roslinnitsva ім. V. Ya. Yur’eva. (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Natural Environment

Water

Cities

Infrastructure

United Nations Climate Adaptation

1. Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EbA)

2. Knowledge, Analysis And Networking

3. World Adaptation Science Program

4. Access To Adaptation Finance

References

  1. “Adapting to the impacts of climate change.” OECD Policy Perspectives. (PDF) https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/Adapting-to-the-impacts-of-climate-change-2015-Policy-Perspectives-27.10.15%20WEB.pdf
  2. Adapting to Climate Change: Who Should Pay?” Daniel A. Farber (2007). Journal of Land Use & Environmental Law. 23: 1.
  3. An assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation for the Torres Strait Islands, Australia”. Green, Donna; Alexander, Lisa; Mclnnes, Kathy; Church, John; Nicholls, Neville; White, Neil (11 December 2009). Climatic Change. 102 (3–4): 405–433.
  4. “Most atolls will be uninhabitable by the mid-21st century because of sea-level rise exacerbating wave-driven flooding.” Curt D. Storlazzi, Stephen B. Gingerich, Ap van Dongeren, Olivia M. Cheriton, Peter W. Swarzenski, Ellen Quataert, Clifford I. Voss, Donald W. Field, Hariharasubramanian Annamalai, Greg A. Piniak, Robert McCall. Science Advances Vol. 4, no. 4. eaa p9741.
  5. “Unprecedented Impacts of Climate Change Disproportionately Burdening Developing Countries, Delegate Stresses, as Second Committee Concludes General Debate.” U.N. General Assembly. October 8, 2019.
  6. “Synthesis report”. Sec 6.3. Responses to climate change: Robust findings. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report 2007.
  7. IPCC 2014. Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (page 8). Fifth Assessment Report. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
  8. Understanding climate change from a global analysis of city analogues.” Jean-Francois Bastin, Emily Clark, Thomas Elliott, Simon Hart, Johan van den Hoogen, Iris Hordijk, Haozhi Ma, Sabiha Majumder, Gabriele Manoli, Julia Maschler, Lidong Mo, Devin Routh, Kailiang Yu, Constantin M. Zohner, Thomas W. Crowther. PLOS ONE 14(10): e0224120. July 10, 2019.
  9. “Adapt Now: A Global Call for Leadership on Climate Resilience.” Global Commission on Adaptation. Executive Summary. Sept 2019. https://cdn.gca.org/assets/2019-09/GlobalCommission_Report_FINAL.pdf
  10. “Predators as Prey: Why Healthy Oceans Need Sharks.” Oceana. July 2008.
  11. Macaques can contribute to greener practices in oil palm plantations when used as biological pest control” Anna Holzner, Nadine Ruppert, Filip Swat, Antje Engelhardt, Hjalmar Kuhl, Anja Widdig. Current Biology. Vol 29, Issue 20, PR1066-R1067, October 21, 2019.
  12. Availability of large seed-dispersers for restoration of degraded tropical forest.” Lindsell, J. A.et al; Tropical Conservation Science Vol.8 (1): 17–27.
  13. “Fact Sheet — Rainforest Animals.” Susan Silber, William Velton, Rainforest Action Network.
  14. “Climate adaptation.” United Nations Environment Programme. 2018.

--

--

--

I work in marketing by day — and pen my thoughts on climate change by night.

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

What is Slow Fashion, Really?

In Biden’s America: “You’re On Your Own.”

Microplastics: A Pollution Disaster

Top 5 reasons why you should turn your focus towards solar energy

Museums and Bioregionalism

Why do predatory animals such as bears and cougars typically avoid humans, even though we’re…

We Can Rebuild It. We Have the Technology; Let’s Talk Mitigation

Washington State Wants To Kill Gas Cars

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Karina Collins

Karina Collins

I work in marketing by day — and pen my thoughts on climate change by night.

More from Medium

We Won’t Be Safe, But We Can Be Ready: A Reflection on MLK Day

THIS IS WHAT IS GOING ON

Unjust sentences in Egypt, and states of heightened surveillance

Progressive Women Legislators Lead on Plastic Pollution Protection